This weekend, New York rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez officially endorsed Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders for president in a rally in Queens, New York to an enthusiastic crowd. And while the rally received some backlash—mainly from the GOP and conservative outlets—the endorsement is a much-needed stamp of approval for Sanders at just the right time, as candidates like Elizabeth Warren soar in recent polls. “With the endorsements from the freshman congresswomen, I think it brings a new life back into his campaign,” Trump’s own 2016 campaign adviser, Michael Caputo, told the Daily Beast this week.
So why do these big endorsements matter, anyway? Perhaps, before the dawn of Twitter and Facebook, politicians hoped that an endorsement might influence your thinking and the thinking of other constituents to more seriously consider that candidate; at the very least, it’s a hell of a good PR strategy to drop big names like Nancy Pelosi or Dianne Feinstein as endorsements. (And it’s not just current and former officials who give their blessing to candidates, either; non-profits, PACs, and celebrities will endorse candidates freely—remember when Oprah endorsed Obama in the 2008 election?)
As Five Thirty Eight points out, while endorsements don’t necessarily impact who gets the nomination or wins an election, it’s a generally pretty good predictor—frontrunners in endorsements tend to win the ticket. (Frontrunners aren’t only determined by the number of endorsers, but also the names themselves.) Accordingly, below you will find a list of every single Democratic member of Congress and those who have endorsed candidates in the 2020 race so far.
It’s early, so the majority remain undecided and this post will be updated as the race continues. For obvious reasons, we have excluded Republicans from this list (most remain undecided, too, and those who have endorsed a Republican candidate are largely in favor of Trump’s re-election), as well as those in the 2020 race currently serving in Congress; those candidates who failed to receive an endorsement from a current congressmember will not appear in this list, either, which includes candidates like Andrew Yang and Tulsi Gabbard.
What have we learned so far? Well, politicians tend to stay loyal to candidates from their respective state, the actual number of endorsements isn’t always an indicator of how they poll, and it’s very likely we’ll witness more announcements of endorsements in the coming months (or even days).
- Minnesota Senator Tina Smith
- Minnesota rep. Angie Craig: “We need a little bit of Midwest common sense in the White House.”
- Minnesota rep. Betty McCollum
- Minnesota rep. Dean Phillips
- Minnesota rep. Collin Peterson: “Coming from a small state, she’s got an uphill battle.”
Total: 5 (One senator, four House reps.; zero out-of-state endorsements overall)
- California rep. Ro Khanna: Named Sanders’ national campaign co-chair in February.
- Michigan rep. Rashida Tlaib
- Minnesota rep. Ilhan Omar
- New York rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez: “One of the things that’s so important about what Senator Sanders is talking about, and what this campaign is about, is that it’s far larger than a presidential campaign. This is about creating a mass movement,” she told NPR.
- Washington rep. Pramila Japayal
- Vermont Senator Patrick Leahy
- Vermont rep. Peter Welch
Total: 7 (One senator, six House reps; five out-of-state endorsements overall)
- California rep. Salud Carbajal: “While serving together on the Armed Services Committee, I saw Beto lead on the most pressing issues confronting our brave women and men in the military. His dedication to both active service members and veterans is exactly the type of leadership we need in a Commander in Chief.”
- Florida rep. Stephanie Murphy
- New York rep. Kathleen Rice
- New York rep. Sean Patrick Maloney
- Texas rep. Veronica Escobar: “He is a son of the border, and during an era of unprecedented racist attacks on safe, secure communities like ours, I am grateful that he consistently stands up to the xenophobia and bigotry that has driven the ugliest of political debates.”
Total: 5 (Five house reps; four out-of-state endorsements overall)
- New Jersey Senator Bob Menendez: “I can’t think of anyone better to represent and unite the American people,” he tweeted. “Cory makes a great friend, and will make an even greater president.”
- New Jersey rep. Albio Sires
- New Jersey rep. Andy Kim: “Senator Cory Booker represents the best of New Jersey and the best of America.”
- New Jersey rep. Bill Pascrell, Jr.
- New Jersey rep. Bonnie Watson-Coleman
- New Jersey rep. Donald Norcross
- New Jersey rep. Donald Payne, Jr.
- New Jersey rep. Frank Pallone: “He is what we need to move our country forward from the divisive policies of Donald Trump.”
- New Jersey rep. Jeff Van Drews
- New Jersey rep. Josh Gottheimer
- New Jersey rep. Mikie Sherrill
- New Jersey rep. Tom Malinowski
Total: 12 (One senator, 11 House reps; zero out-of-state endorsements overall)
- Arizona rep. Raul Grijalva: “She is a bold, persistent, visionary leader who cares about working families and because of this, she’s won my endorsement.” (Also previously endorsed Sanders in 2016.)
- California rep. Katie Porter
- Massachusetts Senator Edward Markey
- Massachusetts rep. Jim McGovern
- Massachusetts rep. Joe Kennedy III
- Massachusetts rep. Katherine Clark: “We need a leader who will fight to give every family a fair shot at success,” she wrote on Twitter.
- Massachusetts rep. Lori Trahan
- Michigan rep. Andy Levin
- New Mexico rep. Deb Haaland: “Elizabeth has been a great friend to me and a great partner for Indian Country.”
Total: 9 (One senator, 8 House reps; four out-of-state endorsements overall)
- Alabama Senator Doug Jones
- California Senator Dianne Feinstein
- California rep. Lou Correa: “We need someone who knows our country, who knows the soul of our country, and I believe that’s Joe Biden.”
- Delaware Senator Chris Coons
- Delaware Senator Tom Carper: “In 1982, it was then-Senator Joe Biden who first encouraged me to run for Delaware’s seat in the U.S. House of Representatives … Today, I could not be more proud to endorse my friend Joe as he launches his campaign to be the next President of the United States.”
- Delaware rep. Lisa Blunt Rochester: “I believe the American people will choose hope and compassion over fear by electing Vice President Joe Biden as the next president of the U.S.”
- Florida rep. Alfred Lawson
- Florida rep. Charlie Crist
- Louisiana rep. Cedric Richmond: Named Biden’s national campaign co-chair in May.
- Missouri rep. Emanuel Cleaver
- New York rep. Tom Suozzi
- North Carolina rep. G.K. Butterfield
- Pennsylvania Senator Bob Casey
- Pennsylvania rep. Brendan Boyle
- Pennsylvania rep. Dwight Evans: “Joe Biden has been a fighter for all Americans as a Senator, Vice-President and hopefully as the 46th President of the United States.”
- Pennsylvania rep. Matt Cartwright
- Pennsylvania rep. Michael Doyle
- Texas rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson
- Texas rep. Filemon Vela
- Texas rep. Vicente Gonzalez: Originally endorsed Castro until September’s debate.
- Virginia rep. Donald McEachin: “His devotion to everyday Americans and to a fair and honorable system serves as guideposts for our democracy.“But, perhaps most importantly, I know he can defeat President Trump and that must be our first priority.”
Total: 21 (Five senators, 16 House reps.; 18 out-of-state endorsements overall)
- California rep. Juan Vargas
- Maryland rep. David Trone: “@JohnKDelaney has done a great job bringing people together to solve problems. He would be a fantastic President, and I’m behind him 100%!”
Total: 2 (Two House reps.; one out-of-state endorsement)
- Texas rep. Colin Allred
- Texas rep. Joaquin Castro
Total: 2 (Two House reps.; zero out-of-state endorsements)
- Arizona rep. Ruben Gallego
- California rep. Barbara Lee: “As just the third African American woman from a major party to run for President, I am so proud to endorse her candidacy as she continues this fight for equality, fairness, and dignity for all Americans.”
- California rep. Jim Costa
- California rep. Julia Brownley
- California rep. Katie Hill: “She has been just an exceptional leader in the state of California, and I think she is exactly the kind of candidate that we need to show the right kind of vision that we should have for this country.”
- California rep. Nanette Barragán: “She is the tough, determined progressive we need right now to not only defeat Trump but mobilize a movement of people behind a big-hearted vision of change.”
- California rep. Ted Lieu
- Connecticut rep. Jahana Hayes: “Kamala Harris is the perfect antidote to our current President’s false narratives.”
- Florida rep. Alcee Hastings
- Florida rep. Frederica S. Wilson: “Senator Harris is a lifelong public servant who has staked her career on those delivering results for those most often left out.”
- Illinois rep. Bobby Rush
- Illinois rep. Danny Davis: “History is constantly changing and that America is ready to elect its first woman President and Kamala Harris is prepared to be that woman.”
- Michigan rep. Brenda Lawrence: “I’m looking for someone who has a command of the issues, someone who has the tenacity and the strength and courage to fight Donald Trump. And I’m also looking for someone who has compassion for this country, and I feel very strongly about endorsing Sen. Harris.”
- Missouri rep. William Lacy Clay
- Ohio rep. Marcia Fudge
- Texas rep. Al Green: “Kamala Harris represents the future of our nation,” he told Politico.
Total: 16 (16 House reps.; 10 out-of-state endorsements overall)
- Virginia rep. Don Beyer: “I think he’s the most articulate of all the candidates we have … Politics is about communicating and being able to tell a story well. And I think he does it better than anyone I’ve seen since Barack Obama.”
Total: 1 (One House rep.; one out-of-state endorsement overall)
- Montana Senator Jon Tester
Total: 1 (One senator; zero out-of-state endorsements overall)
Unclear or undecided
- Alabama rep. Terri Sewell
- Arizona Senator Krysten Sinema
- Arizona rep. Ann Kirkpatrick
- Arizona rep. Greg Stanton
- Arizona rep. Tom O’Halleran
- California rep. Adam Schiff
- California rep. Alan Lowenthal
- California rep. Ami Bera
- California rep. Anna Eshoo
- California rep. Brad Sherman: Believes the Democratic race could “come down” to Biden and Warren.
- California rep. Doris Matsui: Harris has endorsed her.
California rep. Eric Swalwell
Has not endorsed a candidate after ending his campaign for president in July. “If Megan Rapinoe gets in the race, I’m probably going to endorse her,” he said, jokingly.
Photo: Scott Olson
- California rep. Gil Cisneros: Biden, Harris, and Warren have all endorsed him.
- California rep. Grace Napolitano
- California rep. Harley Rouda
- California rep. Jackie Speier
- California rep. Jared Huffman: In an April 2019 interview, said he favored Harris, O’Rourke, and Warren (as well as Inslee before he dropped out).
- California rep. Jerry McNerney
- California rep. Jimmy Gomez: Harris endorsed him in 2016.
- California rep. Jimmy Panetta
- California rep. John Garamendi
- California rep. Josh Harder: Harris and Warren endorsed him in 2018.
- California rep. Judy Chu
- California rep. Karen Bass
- California rep. Linda Sánchez
- California rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard
- California rep. Mark DeSaulnier
- California rep. Mark Takano
- California rep. Maxine Waters
- California rep. Mike Levin
- California rep. Mike Thompson
- California rep. Nancy Pelosi
- California rep. Norma Torres
- California rep. Pete Aguilar: Biden endorsed him in 2014.
- California rep. Raul Ruiz
- California rep. Scott Peters: Biden endorsed him in 2016.
- California rep. Susan Davis
- California rep. T.J. Cox: Harris endorsed him in 2018.
- California rep. Tony Cardenas
- California rep. Zoe Lofgren
- Colorado rep. Diana DeGette
- Colorado rep. Ed Perlmutter
- Colorado rep. Jason Crow: Biden endorsed him in 2018.
- Colorado rep. Joe Neguse: Biden endorsed him in 2018.
Connecticut Senator Chris Murphy
Has not endorsed a candidate, but publicly called for donations on behalf of Booker. “I haven’t endorsed yet and I’m not going to now,” he wrote on Twitter. “But my friend @CoryBooker deserves to stay in this race. I hope you’ll watch this video and consider helping him with a donation.”
Photo: Drew Angerer
- Connecticut Senator Richard Blumenthal
- Connecticut rep. Jim Himes
- Connecticut rep. Joe Courtney
- Connecticut rep. John Larson
- Connecticut rep. Rosa L. DeLauro
- D.C. rep. Eleanor Holmes Norton
- Florida rep. Darren Soto: Biden endorsed him in 2018.
- Florida rep. Donna Shalala: Both Biden and Warren endorsed her in 2018.
- Florida rep. Debbie Mucarsel-Powell: Biden endorsed her in 2018.
- Florida rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz: Sanders backed her challenger in 2016.
- Florida rep. Kathy Castor
- Florida rep. Lois Frankel
- Florida rep. Ted Deutch
- Florida rep. Val Demings
- Georgia rep. David Scott
- Georgia rep. Hank Johnson
- Georgia rep. John Lewis: “I’m not leaning toward making an endorsement, not at all.”
- Georgia rep. Lucy McBath
- Georgia rep. Sanford Bishop Jr.
- Guam rep. Michael F.Q. San Nicolas
- Hawaii Senator Brian Schatz
Hawaii Senator Mazie Hirono
Has not yet endorsed a candidate, but made it clear she does not support Gabbard’s run. “… I want someone who has very much been on the page in terms of supporting equal opportunity, choice, all of the kinds of issues that I’ve been fighting for for decades,” she said on MSNBC.
Photo: Chip Somodevilla
- Hawaii rep. Ed Case
- Illinois Senator Tammy Duckworth: Biden endorsed her campaign in 2016.
- Illinois Senator Dick Durbin
- Illinois rep. Bill Foster
- Illinois rep. Brad Schneider
- Illinois rep. Cheri Bustos
- Illinois rep. Jesus Garcia: Endorsed Sanders in 2016, but has not yet endorsed a candidate.
- Illinois rep. Lauren Underwood
- Illinois rep. Robin Kelly
- Illinois rep. Mike Quigley
- Illinois rep. Sean Casten: Warren endorsed his campaign in 2018.
- Indiana rep. André Carson
- Indiana rep. Janice Danoff Schakowsky
- Indiana rep. Peter Visclosky
- Indiana rep. Raja Krishnamoorthi
- Iowa rep. Abby Finkenauer: Engaged to a campaign staffer for Elizabeth Warren (but has not endorsed her yet).
- Iowa rep. Cindy Axne
- Iowa rep. Dave Loebsack
- Kansas rep. Sharice Davids: Biden endorsed her run in 2018.
- Kentucky rep. John Yarmuth
- Maine rep. Jared Golden
- Maine rep. Chellie Pingree
- Maryland Senator Chris Van Hollen
- Maryland Senator Ben Cardin
- Maryland rep. Anthony Brown: Has said he could see Biden “as well positioned” to defeat Trump.
- Maryland rep. Dutch Ruppersberger
- Maryland rep. John Sarbanes
- Maryland rep. Steny Hoyer
- Massachusetts rep. Ayanna Pressley
- Massachusetts rep. Bill Keating
- Massachusetts rep. Richard Neal
Massachusetts rep. Seth Moulton
“I’m not going to endorse anyone right away, but the vice president is a mentor and a friend and I think he’d make a great president,” he told the New York Times after ending his presidential campaign.
Photo: SCott Eisen
- Michigan Senator Gary Peters
- Michigan Senator Debbie Stabenow: “Seriously, all the people who are running are friends of mine. I think it’s exciting to see so many people who are hardworking and ethical and bright and prepared to be president,” she told Detroit News.
- Michigan rep. Dan Kildee
- Michigan rep. Debbie Dingell
- Michigan rep. Elissa Slotkin: Biden endorsed her in 2018.
- Michigan rep. Haley Stevens: Biden endorsed her in 2018.
- Minnesota rep. Angie Craig
- Minnesota rep. Dean Phillips
- Mississippi rep. Bennie Thompson
- Mississippi rep. Collin Peterson
- Nevada Senator Catherine Cortez Masto
- Nevada Senator Jacky Rosen: Biden endorsed her Senate run in 2018.
- Nevada rep. Dina Titus: Expects to endorse a candidate by the end of 2019. (In 2018, she also expressed being partial to Biden.)
- Nevada rep. Steven Horsford: Has not yet endorsed a candidate, but tweeted his support of Booker’s campaign. “Please consider making a donation to help him and elevate the many issues he is championing across the country.”
- Nevada rep. Susie Lee: Biden endorsed her campaign in 2018.
- New Hampshire Senator Maggie Hassan
- New Hampshire rep. Annie Kuster
- New Hampshire rep. Chris Pappas
- New Mexico Senator Tom Udall: Publicly called for 2020 candidates to emphasize policies that protect public lands; in September, he retweeted Booker’s extensive proposal, but did not endorse his run.
- New Mexico rep. Ben Ray Lujan
- New Mexico rep. Xochitl Torres Small
- New York Senator Chuck Schumer
- New York Senator Kirsten Gillibrand: “I’m going to endorse the person who I think will, number one, be the best president and, number two, who can beat Trump,” she told USA Today after ending her presidential campaign.
New York rep. Adriano Espaillat
Still “weighing his options,” but has met with candidates including Biden, Buttigieg, Sanders and Warren, according to Politico.
Photo: Chip Somodevilla
- New York rep. Antonio Delgado: Biden endorsed his campaign in 2018.
- New York rep. Anthony Brindisi
- New York rep. Brian Higgins
- New York rep. Carolyn Maloney: Had previously endorsed Gillibrand.
- New York rep. Eliot Engel
- New York rep. Grace Meng
New York rep. Gregory Meeks
This race is so significant that I don’t see how you just do something because of home state,” he told the New York Times back in March, explaining why he had not endorsed New York Senator Gillibrand at the time.
Photo: Rob Loud
- New York rep. Hakeem Jeffries
- New York rep. Jerrold Nadler
- New York rep. José Serrano
- New York rep. Joseph Morelle
- New York rep. Max Rose
- New York rep. Nita Lowey
- New York rep. Nydia Velázquez
- New York rep. Paul Tonko: “The field is still developing,” he told the New York Times back in March.
- New York rep. Yvette D. Clarke
- North Carolina rep. Alma Adams
- North Carolina rep. David Price
- Ohio Senator Sherrod Brown
- Ohio rep. Marcy Kaptur: Favors Biden.
- Ohio rep. Joyce Beatty: “Biden stands out.”
- Oklahoma rep. Kendra Horn
- Oregon Senator Jeff Merkley: Endorsed Sanders in 2016.
- Oregon Senator Ron Wyden
- Oregon rep. Earl Blumenauer
- Oregon rep. Kurt Schrader
- Oregon rep. Peter DeFazio
- Oregon rep. Suzanne Bonamici
- Pennsylvania rep. Chrissy Houlahan: Recently co-hosted a fundraiser for Buttigieg.
Pennsylvania rep. Conor Lamb
Has called Biden his “initial favorite,” but has stopped short of an endorsement.
Photo: Drew Angerer
- Pennsylvania rep. Mary Gay Scanlon
- Pennsylvania rep. Madeleine Dean
- Pennsylvania rep. Susan Wild
- Rhode Island Senator Jack Reed: Has referred to Biden’s run as having “great advantages.”
- Rhode Island Senator Sheldon Whitehouse
- Rhode Island rep. Jim Langevin
- Rhode Island rep. David N. Cicilline: Has not endorsed Biden outright, but publicly tweeted support for his campaign.
- Tennessee rep. Steve Cohen
- Tennessee rep. Jim Cooper
- Tennessee rep. James Clyburn
- Tennessee rep. Joe Cunningham: Biden endorsed his campaign in 2018.
- Texas rep. Henry Cuellar
- Texas rep. Lizzie Fletcher: Biden endorsed her campaign in 2018.
- Texas rep. Lloyd Doggett
- Texas rep. Marc Veasey
- Texas rep. Sheila Jackson Lee
- Texas rep. Sylvia Garcia
- Utah rep. Ben McAdams
- Virgin Islands rep. Stacey Plasket
- Virginia Senator Tim Kaine
- Virginia Senator Mark Warner
- Virginia rep. Abigail Spanberger: Biden endorsed her campaign in 2018.
- Virginia rep. Bobby Scott
- Virginia rep. Elaine Luria
- Virginia rep. Gerry Connolly
- Virginia rep. Jennifer Wexton
- Washington Senator Maria Cantwell
- Washington Senator Patty Murray
- Washington rep. Adam Smith
- Washington rep. Danny Heck
- Washington rep. Derek Kilmer
- Washington rep. Kim Schrier: Previously endorsed Jay Inslee.
- Washington rep. Rick Larsen: Previously endorsed Jay Inslee.
- Washington rep. Suzan DelBene
- West Virginia Senator Joe Manchin III
- Wisconsin Senator Tammy Baldwin: Will not endorse a candidate for the Democratic nomination.
- Wisconsin rep. Gwen Moore
- Wisconsin rep. Ron Kind
- Wisconsin rep. Mark Pocan
Total: 193 (28 senators, 165 House reps.)
This story was updated on 10/23/19 regarding Warren’s endorsement of California rep. Donna Shalala and Maryland rep. David Trone’s endorsement for Delaney.
This story was updated on 10/24/19 to reflect Texas rep. Collin Allred’s endorsement of Castro.
This story was updated on 10/27/19 to reflect the announcements of Michigan rep. Rashida Tlaib’s endorsement of Sanders and California rep. Katie Porter’s endorsement of Warren.